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Gender Equality and Women’s Rights: Questions and Challenges

dal 06/02/2013 alle 00:00 al 08/02/2013 alle 00:00

Dove Bologna - LILEC - Via Cartoleria, 5

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The seminar explores the complex relationship between gender equality and differences analyzing its implications for fundamental rights. It will examine the ways feminist theories and categories have contributed to critically rethink the instrumental power and emancipatory possibilities of rights discourse and it will investigate the recent challenges to this paradigm. The seminar will focus on the issue of gender justice, gender violence, female migration and trafficking in women, highlighting the different perspectives on women’s rights and gender equality.

Wednesday (February 6, from 14 to 17 in AULA VIII, via Cartoleria 5)      
Feminist Legal Theories


The seminar will explore how feminist theorists have thought about sex, gender and sexuality in understanding and critiquing the law and the language of rights.

                   Recommended Readings:
A. Harris (1997), "Race and Essentialism in Feminist Legal Theory" (11-19), in A.
K. Wing, ed., Critical Race Feminism: A Reader. New York: New York University Press.

C. A. MacKinnon (1991), ‘Reflections on Sex Equality under Law’, Yale Law Journal, pp. 1281-1328.

C. A. MacKinnon (1983), ‘Feminism, Marxism, Method and the State: Toward Feminist Jurisprudence’, Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 8 (4): 515-544.

U. Narayan (1998), ‘Essence of Culture and a Sense of History: A Feminist Critique of Cultural Essentialism’, Hypatia, 13 (2): 86-106.

Thursday  (February 7, from 14 to 17 in SALA CONVEGNI, via Cartoleria 5)
Women’s Human Rights and Violence against Women


The seminar critically examines the way in which the notion of women’s human rights has been developed. It also focuses on the complexity of topic of gender violence and discrimination.

Recommended Readings:
K. Crenshaw (1995), "Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and
Violence Against Women of Color" http://www.peopleofcolororganize.com/wp-content/uploads/pdf/mapping-margins.pdf

S. Farrior (2009), ‘Human Rights Advocacy on Gender Issues: Challenges and Opportunities’, Journal of Human Rights Practice, 1(1): 83-100.

A. S. Fraser (1999), ‘Becoming Human: The Origins and Development of Women’s Human Rights’, Human Rights Law Quarterly.

A. Harris (2000), ‘Gender Violence, Race, and Criminal Justice’, Stanford Law Review, 777-808.

R. Kapur (2002), ‘The Tragedy of Victimization Rhetoric: Resurrecting the Native Subject in International/Postcolonial Feminist Legal Politics’, Harvard Human Rights Law Journal, vol. 15: 1-37.

C. Menjivar and O. Salcido, (2002) ‘Immigrant Women and Domestic Violence: Common Experiences in Different Countries’, Gender and Society, vol. 16: 989-920.

A. Miller (2004), ‘Sexuality, Violence against Women, and Human Rights: Women Make Demands and Ladies Get Protection’, Health and Human Rights 72: 16-48.

Friday (February 8, from 11 to 13 in AULA VIII, via Cartoleria 5)
Female Migration and the Issue of Trafficking in Women


The issue of trafficking in women – in particular the issue of ‘sex-trafficking’ - is a dominant and controversial topic for feminist scholars and activists. The seminar will analyze this topic paying attention to the transformations of citizenship and labour in Europe, and to the multiple (but also contradictory) positions that migrant women occupy in the trafficking process.
                  
Recommended Readings:
B. Anderson and J. O’Connell Davidson (2003), "Is Trafficking in Human Beings Demand Driven: a Multi-Country Pilot Study?" International Organization for Migration, December. http://www.iom.int/jahia/webdav/site/myjahiasite/shared/shared/mainsite/published_docs/serial_publications/mrs15b.pdf

R. Andrijasevic (2003), ‘The Difference Borders Make: (Il)legality, Migration and Trafficking in Italy among Eastern European Women in Prostitution’ in S. Ahmed, C. Castaneda, A. Fortier, M. Sheller (eds.) Uprootings/ Regroundings: Questions of Home and Migration, Oxford, Berg, 251-272.

E. Bernstein (2010), "Militarized Humanitarianism meets Carceral Feminism: the Politics of Sex, Rights, and Freedom in Contemporary Anti-Trafficking Campaigns," Signs, Fall: 45-71.

J. Chuang (2010), "Rescuing Trafficking from Ideological Capture: Anti-Prostitution Reform and Anti-Trafficking Law and Policy", University of Pennsylvania Law Review.

J. Doezema (1998), " Forced to Choose: Beyond the Voluntary v. Forced Prostitution Dichotomy," in Kemapdoo and Doezema (eds.), Global Sex Workers: Rights, Resistance, and Redefinition, New York: Routledge, pp. 34-51.

A. Jordan (2012), ‘The Swedish Law to Criminalize Clients: a Failed Experiment in Social Engineering’, Issue Paper 4, http://rightswork.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/Issue-Paper-4.pdf

K. Kempadoo (ed.) (2005), Trafficking and Prostitution Reconsidered: New Perspectives on Migration, Sex Work, and Human Rights.  Boulder: Paradigm.